CO2 School
(PTRT1091)

Midland's CO2 School

From the World Leaders in CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery
Jointly Sponsored by APTA and Midland College's PPDC 

Anyone involved in C02 Oil Recovery Operations or implementation should plan to attend this course! 

The course is open to International attendees and space is limited to the first 40 registrations.

Course Description
A Four Day School in the heart of the Permian Basin devoted to familiarizing the students with the entire field of CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery

Who Should Attend
The course is designed for engineers, geoscientists and business professionals interested in learning the practical aspects of CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery

Learning Outcome
Familiarization of attendees with all of the aspects of EOR and carbon capture and storage

Course Schedule and Curriculum
Day One: Overview of the Elements of CO2 Flooding
• The History and Current Status of CO2 Flooding
• CO2 Sources, Natural and Anthropogenic (Man-Made), and the Properties of CO2
• The Convergence of Carbon Management and CO2 EOR
• CO2 Transportation and Injection - Pipelines, Trucking, Metering
• Reservoir Response - Miscible, Immiscible, Gravity Stable, Processing Rates, Examples
• CO2 Recycling, Plants & Processing - Dehydration, Sulfur/NGL Separation, Compression
• Downhole and Wellsite Equipment Needs
• Key Elements of Reservoir Geology
• Overview: The Business of CO2

Day Two: Evaluating a Candidate Flood, Reservoir Response and Flood Operations
• Flood Prospects: The Initial Evaluation and the Concept of Screening
• Flow Units and Reservoir Compartmentalization
• Modeling the Reservoir and Waterflood Response – Sweep Efficiency Concepts and Rules of Thumb
• Geophysical Techniques
• Normalizing Flood Response – Actual Examples
• CO2 Flood Response Modeling Techniques
• Economic Modeling
• Key Features of CO2 Flood Operations Operational Features Peculiar to CO2 - Beyond Waterflooding
• Artificial Lift and Chemical Treating Techniques

Day Three: CO2 Facilities and Field Trip
• Dehydration Processes
• Compression Facilities
• Sulfur Removal
• Natural Gas Liquids Removal
• Integrated Plants
• Full Stream (Gas) Re-injection
• Field Visit to a CO2 Flood and Facility
      o Tour of CO2 Production and Injection Facilities
      o Tour of Recycle/Processing Facilities

Day Four: CO2 Production and the Business of CO2 Flooding
• Land/Mineral Considerations
• Longevity of Example Floods
• Reservoir Processing Rates and Rates of Return
• Major Elements of Costs/Revenue
• Parametric Sensitivities
• Fundamentals of CO2 Supply Contracts
• Course Discussion and Evaluation

L. STEPHEN MELZER
(432) 682-7664 (wk)
e-mail: melzerls@aol.com
Texas A&M University: BS, Geological Engineering (l968)
Purdue University: MSE, Civil Engineering/Rock Mechanics (l969)
Registered Professional Engineer -Texas (#46859)


WORK EXPERIENCE SUMMARY
Mr. Melzer combines his twenty-five years of technical oil and gas industry experience with extensive familiarity with the design, evaluation, regulatory environment, and business of carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery projects. This background involves advising clients on business strategies involving CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery and Carbon Capture and Storage. He also conducts reservoir characterization, engineering, and project planning studies on oil and gas projects and has performed U.S. Government geotechnical site selection/evaluation and engineering studies. For the past five years he has consulted on a variety of projects which include the following sponsors: Shell International Exploration and Production, Inc., Pioneer Natural Resources, Mobil Exploration and Producing Inc., U.S., Kinder Morgan Energy Partners, L.P., Colorado Interstate Gas (El Paso Corporation), Praxair Corporation, Citation Oil and Gas, numerous independent oil and gas companies, the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission, The Plains CO2 Reduction Partnership, The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium, The University of Texas System, The University of Wyoming's Enhanced Oil Recovery Institute, the National Research Center for Coal and Energy, US Army, US Air Force, U.S. Dept. Of Energy, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. Noteworthy recent projects include:
• Directing the long-running series of annual CO2 Flooding Conferences in Midland, Texas attended by all of the leading CO2 flooding professionals,
• Planning and directing the 14 CO2 Shortcourses (most recent held in December 2007 and entitled "CO2 Injection in Subsurface Reservoirs: Geological Parameters Affecting CO2 EOR and CO2 Storage),
• Leading a team to develop a better understanding of the origins and distribution of residual oil zones, partially oil saturated intervals beneath many oil fields and targets for tertiary oil production and carbon capture and storage,
• Chairing the Carbon Sequestration Development and Finance Summit in Houston, Texas (July 11-13, 2007),
• Conducting the short course entitled "EOR and the Expanding Field Of CO2 Flooding" in Association with the 2006 AAPG National Convention, April 8, 2006, Houston, Texas,
• Contributing Author to the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission 2005 report entitled "A Regulatory Framework for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS),"
• Authoring the CO2 EOR portions of the Clean and Diversified Energy Advisory Committee of the Western Governors Association 2006 report on Clean Energy, A Strong Economy and a Healthy Environment,
• Chairing the International Conference on Carbon Sequestration for the Oil, Gas and Power Industry – London, England, June 2001,
• Conduct of numerous oil and gas field resource evaluations including CO2 flooding resource estimations, waterflood unitization studies, CO2 and waterflood design reports, drill site recommendations, oil and gas leasing, and oil field operations;
• Participation in the design, conduct, and surveillance of the Pioneer Natural Resources Spraberry CO2 Pilot Program at the E. T. O'Daniel Lease in Midland County, Texas,
• Development (in conjunction with Shell, Kinder Morgan, ExxonMobil and the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council) of a series of 13 short courses on CO2 miscible flooding,
• Planning and directing a Department of Energy Workshop on Carbonate Reservoirs and Pioneer Natural Resource Corporation's Spraberry Symposium,
• Formulating the strategic plans and economic modeling for a $800 million helium and CO2 field project with Ridgeway Petroleum of Calgary, Alberta Canada,
• Planning and directing a shallow offshore drilling, logging, and seismic project to develop insights on the nuclear craters at the Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands of the Pacific Ocean, and
• Conducting a detailed hydrologic modeling study of a carbonate aquifer in Kentucky for the U.S. Army Waterways Experiment Station.


For the past eight years, Mr. Melzer has provided enhanced oil recovery consulting services for the oil and gas industry. He has extensive familiarity with a large percentage of waterfloods and a majority of the CO2 floods in the Permian Basin. Prior to forming his consulting practice, he was the initial Director of the Petroleum Industry Alliance, a part of the University of Texas System and located at the Center for Energy and Economic Diversification between Midland and Odessa, Texas. His responsibilities included defining and directing all oil and gas research efforts, defining and directing area wide technology transfer activities, and assisting with economic development in the Permian Basin area. His organization also represented and assisted the oil and gas professionals and their companies within the Permian Basin in their dealings with Federal and State research and regulatory agencies.

Mr. Melzer was formerly a Department Manager and Senior Geotechnical Engineer for Science Applications International Corporation, a large consulting firm headquartered in San Diego, California. He headed the Midland, Texas office for SAIC from 1978 until October 1992.

Mr. Melzer has been actively engaged in oil and gas exploration and development through a family owned business, Melzer Exploration Company. The partnership, formed with his father in l978, has invested in more than 85 successful oil and gas wells. Prior to accepting the post at the Center for Energy and Economic Diversification, he supervised drilling and production operations in over twenty-five company-operated wells.

SPECIFIC PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
Melzer Consulting (May 1997 to Present)
Consultant, Midland, Tx. Mr. Melzer performs consulting services for a variety of commercial energy companies, non-governmental organizations and associations. His clients have included Shell International Exploration and Production Inc., Eastman Chemical Company, KinderMorgan CO2 Company, Praxair, Inc., Plains CO2 Reduction Partnership, Mobil Exploration and Producing, U.S., Inc., PetroSource Carbon Company, Pioneer Natural Resources, Colorado Interstate Gas (El Paso Corporation), The University of Texas of the Permian Basin, Permian Basin Petroleum Association, Illinois Geological Survey, and others. The work includes providing background materials and advising clients of business strategies related to CO2 EOR and CCS, conducting economic evaluations of State and Federal policy matters, CO2 market reports, water and CO2 flood project economic projections, and conduct of shortcourses and seminars on CO2 flooding.

Center for Energy and Economic Diversification (Oct 1992 - May 1997)

Director, Petroleum Industry Alliance - Midland, Texas. In October of 1992, Mr. Melzer was named to be the initial Director of the Center for Energy & Economic Diversification/Petroleum Industry Alliance. The organization is a part of the University of Texas System and represents a cooperative government/industry alliance with startup funding from the University of Texas Lands and the University of Texas of the Permian Basin. Mr. Melzer was instrumental in identifying the need and formulating the concept of the Petroleum Industry Alliance. Mr. Melzer is the director of the annual CO2 Flooding Conference in Midland and continues to perform those duties for the Petroleum Industry Alliance.

Melzer Exploration Company (l978 to Present)
Partner and Co-owner. Mr. Melzer formed a family partnership with his father, Mr. Larry S. Melzer, in May of l978 for the purpose of exploring for and developing oil and gas properties. He oversaw the generation of prospects for in-house drilling and reviewed other prospects for participation recommendation to an investor group. The Company does not currently generate prospects nor operate wells but remains active in investing in new prospects for drilling.

Science Applications International Corporation (l978 to Oct 1992)
Department Manager and Senior Geotechnical Engineer - Midland, TX. Managed four- person office in southwest Texas performing geotechnical studies and analyses. Provided site characterization capabilities to the DOD for the execution of field tests including a multi-million dollar field test program in a very specific geological environment at Ft. Knox, KY. Also planned and provided cost estimates for two oil industry/Department of Energy cost share programs for enhanced oil recovery field projects, and performed drilling and completion of wells at the ASARCO and US Bureau of Mines in-situ copper leaching pilot cost share project near Casa Grande, Az.

Air Force Weapons Laboratory, Kirtland AFB (Albuquerque), NM (l969-l978)
Active Duty Air Force Project Officer and Civil Service Research Engineer (GS-13). Developed airblast and ground shock weapon effects test requirements, formulated test site selection criteria, performed test site selection, and was program manager for material property determination for use in theoretical calculations of conventional and nuclear weapon effects. Conducted studies of soil and rock response to blast loadings in a wide variety of soil and rock types. Was test director for large, multimillion dollar high explosive test program code-named MIDDLE GUST located in southeastern Colorado.

CURRENT AFFILIATIONS
Mr. Melzer currently serves on the Producer's Advisory Group of the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council. He also is president of the Applied Petroleum Technology Academy, a Midland based technology training non-profit corporation, and a member of the City of Midland's Conventional Center Advisory Board. He is an active member in the Society of Petroleum Engineers, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, West Texas Geological Society, and the Society for Independent Professional Earth Scientists.

PUBLICATIONS (Page 1)
L. Stephen Melzer

  • CO2 Injection in Subsurface Reservoirs: Geological Parameters Affecting CO2 EOR and CO2 Storage, Melzer, L.S. (editor), Center for Energy and Economic Diversification CO2 Short Course #14, Presented at the Annual CO2 Flooding Conference, Midland, Tx, December 5, 2007.
  • CO2 for EOR May Be Enabling Pathway to Sequestration, Article Prepared for and published in the Natural Gas & Electricity Periodical, DOI 10.1002/gas, June 2007, pp 22-27.
  • CO2 Sourcing for Enhanced Oil Recovery, Melzer, L.S. (editor), Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #13 on Carbon Dioxide Flooding, Presented at the Annual CO2 Flooding Conference, Midland, Tx, December 6, 2006.
  • "The Origin and Resource Potential of Residual Oil Zones," SPE paper 102964, w/ G.J. Koperna and V.A. Kuuskraa, presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Tx Sept 24-27, 2006.
  • "Recovery of Oil Resources from the Residual and Transitional Oil Zones of the Permian Basin", SPE 102972, w/ G.J. Koperna and V.A. Kuuskraa presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, TX, Sept 24-27, 2006.
  • "Stranded Oil in the Residual Zone" U.S. Department of Energy Report, February 2006.
  • CO2 Flood Surveillance and Monitoring, Melzer, L.S. (editor.), Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #4A on Carbon Dioxide Flooding, Presented at the Annual CO2 Flooding Conference, Midland, Tx, December 2004.
  • Health and Safety of CO2 Operations, Melzer, L.S. and Young, P. (editor), Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #4A on Carbon Dioxide Flooding, Presented at the Annual CO2 Flooding Conference, Midland, Tx, December 2004.
  • "Carbon Dioxide's Growing Use in Enhanced Oil Recovery," CryoGas International Magazine, Vol. 42, No. 8, Aug/Sep 2004, pp 48-57.
  • "Experiences Gained for CO2 Capture, Transportation and Geologic Storage from the 30-year History of CO2 Flooding in the Permian Basin," w/ Stevens, S.H. (Advanced Resources International), Presented at the GHGT-7 International Conference, Vancouver, Canada, Sep 2004.
  • "McElmo Dome and St. Johns Natural CO2 Deposits: Analogs for Geologic Sequestration," w/ Scott H. Stevens - Advanced Resources International, Inc. and Charles E. Fox, Kinder Morgan CO2 Company, LP, Presented at the GHGT-5 International Conference, Kyoto, Japan, Oct 2003
  • "Oxy Permian's Cogdell Unit CO2 Flood Responds Rapidly to CO2 Injection," with Pennell, S., World Oil June 2003, pp. 60-64.
  • "An Updated Look At The Potential For Carbon Dioxide Flooding Near The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Eddy And Lea Counties, New Mexico," Washington TRU Solutions, LLC Carlsbad, NM Report Dated June 15, 2003.
  • Wellbore Management in CO2 Floods, Kiker, R.D. and Melzer, L.S. (editors), Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #11 on Carbon Dioxide Oil Flooding, December 2002.
  • Reservoir Simulation and Modeling for CO2 Flooding, Melzer, L.S. (editor), et al, Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #10 on Carbon Dioxide Flooding, December 2001.
  • "The Permian Basin CO2 Sequestration Model and Ridgeway Petroleum's St. Johns Project", Paper Presented at the International Conference on Carbon Sequestration for the Oil, Gas and Power Industry, June 27-28, 2001, London, England.
  • PUBLICATIONS (Cont'd)
  • L. Stephen Melzer
  • PAGE 2
  • Issues for Beginning CO2 Flooders, Melzer, L.S. (editor), et al, Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #9 on Carbon Dioxide Oil Flooding, December 2000.
  • "Evaluation of the Flood Potential of the South House (Blinebry) field, Lea County, New Mexico: Data Acquisition and Final Analysis Report," Melzer, L.S., U.S. Department of Energy Grant #DE-FG-99BC-15249, Dec 2000.
  • CO2 Flooding: Sandstones vs. Carbonate Reservoirs, Melzer, L.S. (editor), et al, Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #8 on Carbon Dioxide Oil Flooding, December 1999.
  • CO2 Facilities and Plants, Melzer, L.S. (editor), et al, Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #7 on Carbon Dioxide Oil Flooding, December 1998.
  • CO2 Measurements and Metering, Melzer, L.S. (editor), et al, Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #6 on Carbon Dioxide Oil Flooding, December 1997.
  • "Petroleum Applications of Game Theoretics: Issues in Forming a Typical Modern Flood (Unitization)," w/ Hodges, P.F., Stiles, L.H., and Andrews, M. (1997), UT Permian Basin's Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Research Report, April 1997.
  • "Recent Studies of the Status of Unitization in the Permian Basin Regions of New Mexico and Texas," w/ Stiles, L.F. (1997), UT Permian Basin's Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Research Report, May 1997.
  • How to Put Together a CO2 Flood, Melzer, L.S. (editor), et al, Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #5 on Carbon Dioxide Oil Flooding, December 1996.
  • "Permian Basin Drives CO2 Technology," with Stiles, L.H., American Oil and Gas Reporter, Permian Basin Oil Show Program Edition, Vol 39, No. 10, Oct 1996, pp. 149-152.
  • How CO2 Flood Surveillance Helps Assure a Successful EOR Program, Melzer, L.S. (editor), et al, Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #4 on Carbon Dioxide Oil Flooding, May 1996.
  • Improving Production in Shallow Shelf Carbonates (Class 2) Reservoirs - A Workshop Sponsored by the US Dept of Energy and BDM Oklahoma Inc., L.S. Melzer (editor), Midland, TX, May 15, 1996
  • Equipping and Day-to-Day Operations of a CO2 Flood, Melzer, L.S. (editor), et al, Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #3 on Carbon Dioxide Oil Flooding, December 1995.
  • "Alliances Cut Risks For CO2 Projects," with Stiles, L.H., American Oil and Gas Reporter, Nov 1995, pp. 37-43.
  • Is My Field a Candidate for CO2 Flooding?, Melzer, L.S. (editor), et al, Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #2 on Carbon Dioxide Oil Flooding, September 1995.
  • "Financing Options Lower Risk for CO2 Miscible Injection," with Stiles, L.H., American Oil and Gas Reporter, Sept 1995, pp.81-87.
  • Making Money on CO2 Flooding...Some Innovative Development Concepts for Independents..., Melzer, L.S. (editor), et al, Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #1 on Carbon Dioxide Oil Flooding, May and July (repeat) 1995.
  • "A Proposed Energy Mission for: THE CENTER FOR ENERGY AND ECONOMIC DIVERSIFICATION: DOE/Industry Cost Shares," A White Paper prepared for the University of Texas System, July 1992.
  • PUBLICATIONS (Cont'd)
  • L. Stephen Melzer
  • PAGE 3
  • Laboratory Rock Testing and Hydrologic Calculations to Support the Underground Technology Program," w/ Chitty, D.E. and Blouin, S.E. , DNA-TR-96-10, Defense Special Weapons Agency, Alexandria, VA, April 1998.
  • "Effects of Hydrologic Pumping of the Underground Technology Program Access Adit on the Mechanical Properties of Rock," Technical Report for the US Army Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS., Jan 1995
  • "Test Design Geotechnical Report - Underground Technology Program (UTP), Ft. Knox, Kentucky," Defense Nuclear Agency Report DNA-TR-92-142, January 1993.
  • "A Proposed Energy Mission for: THE CENTER FOR ENERGY AND ECONOMIC DIVERSIFICATION: DOE/Industry Cost Shares," A White Paper prepared for the University of Texas System, July 1992.
  • "Geotechnical Design Summary Report for the Underground Technology Program (UTP), Ft. Knox, Kentucky," w/ Lachel, D., Defense Nuclear Agency Report, Lachel & Associates, Golden Colorado, Sep 91.
  • "Site Characterization for Cofferdam Concept Test Program (CCTP) Test Articles Construction," BMO Contract F04704-87-C-0059, Air Force Ballistics Missile Office, Norton AFB, CA, December 1987.
  • "Pacific Enewetak Atoll Crater Exploration (PEACE) Program, Enewetak Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Part 3: Stratigraphic Analysis and Other Geological and Geophysical Studies in the Vicinity of Oak and Koa Craters," (Henry, T.W., and Wardlaw, B.R. ed) Chapter 7 - PEACE Downhole Geophysical Logs, USGS Open File Report.
G079132Q Jan 28 - 31 8:00 am - 5:00 pm
Tue,Wed,Thu,Fri  $1,895.00
($1,920.00 out-of-state)
Midland College PPDC Building
Registered: 10 32.0 Hours


Midland College is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award certificates
and associate and baccalaureate degrees. Contact the Commission on Colleges at 1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, Georgia 30033-4097
or call 404-679-4501 for questions about the status of Midland College.

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